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Headaches: Different Types, Causes, and Treatment

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Headache is one of the most common neurological complaints for which people seek medical attention.Chronic headaches can also be acute (sudden) or long-standing.

Some headaches, including tension headaches, can cause minor discomfort.In some conditions, such as meningitis and subarachnoid hemorrhage, it can also be excruciatingly painful. This article will walk you through the primary causes and remedies for headaches.


Headaches Different Types, Causes, and Treatment


Different Types of Headaches, Their Causes, and Treatment

Should I worry about my headache or see a doctor?

The majority of people visit a doctor when they experience severe headaches, more headaches, a new pattern, anxiety about brain tumors or impending strokes, knowledge of a new treatment option, or other circumstances that make them consider doing so.

Where does the pain in my head come from?

In common usage, "headache" refers to pain in the cranial vault, even though the term "headache" can refer to any pain in the head, including the face, nose, ears, eyes, and throat. The skull's bones and the brain itself are not pain-sensitive.

The dura mater at the base of the brain, the large blood vessels at the base of the brain before they enter the brain substance, the skin, subcutaneous tissues, muscles, blood vessels, and periosteum of the scalp, as well as the major dural venous sinuses and their tributaries, are all sensitive to pain.

Why do headaches occur?


Officialized Headaches are caused by mechanical irritability, displacement, traction, or distension of these structures.

Formalized 2 Irritation, stretching, and traction on the cranial nerves V, IX, and X and the upper three cervical roots can also cause headaches.

Diseases of the pain-sensitive structures in the head, such as the eyes, nose, and ears, give rise to pain, which may be referred to as "head pain."

A wide range of systemic diseases, such as fevers, infections, diabetes, hypertension, chronic respiratory failure, and many more, can happen.

Furthermore, many drugs can cause or aggravate headaches. The vast majority of patients' headaches are unrelated to any neurological (nervous) symptoms.Proper history is the most helpful clinical tool to diagnose and identify the cause.

In history, the following points have to be inquired into:

Onset and duration Duration: acute or chronic onsetIn other words, formalized Short duration: only lasts a few hours or days

Long duration: months or years

If paroxysmal, what is the frequency or periodicity of each attack, and what is the precipitating factor?


Headaches: Different Types, Causes, and Treatment


Like:

Formal unilateral (one-sided), bilateral (two-sided), or alternating
Frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital are the four sides of the head, respectively.
The direction of the headache's spread
Pain that is either superficial or deeply seated aggravating and relieving factors

The nature of the headache, such as aching, dullness, bursting, throbbing, stabbing, gripping, striking, and so on. The severity of the headache is mild, moderate, or severe.

Associated symptoms: visual symptoms; nausea; vomiting; autonomic disturbances; photophobia; irritability.

A description of a typical attack in the case of paroxysmal headache, coughing and other things like changing the posture of the head, straining at the stool, coughing, and other things.


Previous treatment and its response


Drug intake: type of drug, dose, and duration The patient's ideas about his headache and its cause

The purpose of the current consultation 

Any symptom of the eyes, ears, or nose, as well as systemic symptoms such as fever or anemia. has a history of head trauma and infections of the central nervous system.

A history of chronic headaches, epilepsy, brain tumors, hypertension, diabetes, and mental illnesses

Social history: the patient's lifestyle, diet, work and work attitude, hobbies, leisure, family relationships, and psychiatric problems.



What does my headache mean?

Depending on how long you've been sick, headaches can be divided into the following groups:

Recent headache in an ill patient, e.g., meningitis, brain abscess, brain tumor
Raised intracranial tension, acute head trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and systemic infections, e.g., typhoid

A recent headache in a patient who appears to be healthy, such as a sinus headache, ocular headache, chronic post-traumatic headache, drug-induced headache, or a simple lumbar puncture headache that doesn't get in the way.

Long-term persistent headache, such as tension headache, and long-term paroxysmal headache, such as migraine or sinusitis.

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